In judo teaching and judo education (technical, physical and mental) it is important to know what can be taught in the different age categories.
In this article I give, globally, the principles of teaching and education is those different age categories.
A. Age 8 – 10
This phase is mainly known for the following aspects:
- The skills are simple and not complex.
- The techniques are gross motorial and not fine motorial.
- Nothing may be harmful for growth and health.
- All activities are focused on the aerobic capacity.
- Techniques are offered in easy patterns of motion.
- Much attention has to paid to Ukemi (break falling). Ukemi is the soul of judo. Fear can hinder the judo development, because the guts to attack are hindered by the fear to be countered.
- Much attention is paid to the development of self-confidence, self-esteem, mutual interaction and cooperation.
- The trainer/coach may ask for 100% commitment, but having fun is most important.
- Having the correct attitude towards winning and losing is imparted.
- In this age category judo players are stimulated to perform technique in the right way. This should be cheered for. (In this phase, correctness in technique is much more important than winning).
- Specialization of technique (Tokui-waza) should be avoided.
- In this phase competition should be not to many and low levelled. For example club competition and inter club competition.
- In this phase youth is involved in many different sports.
- Healthy eating habits has to be taught.
- Boys and girls can still do mixed competition in this phase.
A. Age 11 – 14
- Teaching of more complicated and finer motorial techniques.
- In the latter part of this phase can be started with anaerobic workouts and sub maximal strength practise.
- The judoka should still practise his motor skills and preparation for competition can be very serious.
- The judoka has to keep on building on his self-confidence and self-esteem.
- Winning is still not the main target, technique development has to be prominent.
- In this phase it is useful to set group targets and individual targets.
- Specialization should still not be encouraged, although the teacher/trainer can already see the preferred techniques.
- In this phase more competition can be made, for example regional and area levelled. These competitions should be well organized.
- In the latter part of this phase can be started with tactical and strategic development.
- Boys and girls shouldn’t make competition together anymore.
- The basic techniques should be taught.
- The techniques can be taught in motion.
- In the first part of this phase judo should be education; in the second part of this phase can be started with judo training.
- The competitions are short and well organized, starting at club level and inter club level going to regional and area level.
The key point in this basic phase A & B:
Technical development and gaining experience
All the judoka of Judo Ryu Nijmegen NL, (14 times national team champion, more than 125 individual national champions and many international results in European Championships and Olympic Games), were educated based on above mentioned theory
Willem Visser, Executive coach, Strategic Adviser, International Lecturer 8th Dan Judo IJF
With gratitude to all my teachers, specialists, colleagues and especially all the judoka that I was allowed to guide and to coach.
Sources and inspiring professionals: Van der Horst, Cobben, Abe, Saitoh, Yamashita, Uemura, Sugawara, Murata, Hosokawa, Komata, Takahashi, Nakamura, Kasuga, Kawashima, Kariya, Brousse, Besson, Rougé, Ruska, Geesink, de Cree, Barta, Vachun, Viser, Lascau, McConnell, Snijders, Sins, Hoogendijk, Boersma, Odinot, van Dijk, Klok and many others.